Hampshire is the County of Southampton on the southern coast of England. Its county town is Winchester, the former capital city of England. Hampshire is the most heavily populated ceremonial county in the UK (excluding the metropolitan counties). Almost half of the county's population live within South Hampshire including cities of Southampton and Portsmouth which are two of Europe's largest ports which lie on Hampshire's coast.
Hampshire is famous for housing the birthplaces of the Royal Navy, British Army, and Royal Air Force. It has many tourist attractions including seaside resorts and two national parks: the New Forest and the South Downs. Hampshire has a long marine history and is also famed as home of writers Jane Austen and Charles Dickens, as well as the birthplace of engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel.